Guarding the Gates

Though global headlines might give a different picture, most migration by Africans happens within the continent – just over 80%. Most of it is for good reason, Africans seeking opportunities and spreading their wings around the continent. Some of it for less laudable causes, people fleeing from famines and droughts caused by water crises, and a range of adverse climate conditions. Millions also move to escape insurgency, and violence by extremist groups. This picture is multifaceted, though. Protecting African populations and enabling them use these resources to build prosperity requires effective governance over its lands; guarding lucrative commercial lanes of its waters and the “blue economy” resources in them; its ports; and navigating the geopolitical contestations over these resources